पाठ 20 – अजन्तपुंल्लिङ्गाः ७

 168 जसि                                                                             7.3.109

अनुवृत्तिः  अङ्गस्य, ह्रस्वस्य गुणः

अर्थः जसि परतो ह्रस्वान्तस्याङ्गस्य गुणो भवति।

गुण replaces the final of an अङ्ग which ends in a ह्रस्व when जस् follows.

उदाहरणः  हरी। हरयः।

टिप्पणिः  हरि (जस्) -> हरे (अस्) -> हरय् (अस्) by #22 -> हरयः (#105, #93)

169 ह्रस्वस्य गुणः                                                                  7.3.108

अनुवृत्तिः  अङ्गस्य, सम्बुद्धौ

अर्थः ह्रस्वान्तस्याङ्गस्य गुणो भवति सम्बुद्धौ परतः।

गुण replaces the final of an अङ्ग which ends in a ह्रस्व when the affix called सम्बुद्धि follows.

उदाहरण: हे हरे।

टिप्पणि हरिम्। हरी। हरीन्।

170 शेषो घ्यऽसखि                                                                 1.4.7

अनुवृत्तिः  ह्रस्व

अर्थः ह्रस्वौ यौ इदुतौ तदन्तं सखिवर्जं घिसंज्ञं।

A word ending in इ or उ, except the word सखि, has the designation घि.

उदाहरण: The word हरि, according to this rule, has the designation घि.

टिप्पणि  The word शेष stands for the word that

1) ends in इ or उ that does not have the designation स्त्री; and

2) has the designation स्त्री but not the designation नदी.

In the अष्टाध्यायी, स्त्री is the designation of all feminine words whereas the designation नदी is given to only such feminine words as end in ई or ऊ (cf. #194 यू स्त्र्याख्यौ नदी    1.4.3).

Here we are concerned with words ending in इ and उ. In this rule, the designation घि is laid down for

1) all those words (not feminine in gender) ending in इ or उ except the word सखि

2) words (of feminine gender) which did not optionally get ‘नदी’ designation thru ‘ङिति ह्रस्वश्च 1.4.6′

The designation ‘घि’ is a general one, so the current rule is a general rule while the previous rule i.e., ङिति ह्रस्वश्च is its exception. Since general rules only enter the picture when the exception is not applicable (“पूर्वं हि अपवादाः अभिनिविशन्ते पश्चादुत्सर्गाः”), the designations “नदी” and ‘घि’ are mutually exclusive. So the word ‘शेष’ is mentioned in the rule for clarity, not because it is required. Hence ‘शेष इति स्पष्टार्थम्’.

171 आङो नाऽस्त्रियाम्                                                             7.3.120

अनुवृत्तिः  घेः, अङ्गस्य

अर्थः घेरुत्तरस्य आङो ना इत्ययमादेशो भवति, अस्त्रियाम्। आङिति टासंज्ञा प्राचाम् आचार्याणाम् ।

ना comes as a replacement for the affix टा, when the latter (i.e., टा) comes after an अङ्ग termed घि, provided the scope is other than feminine.

उदाहरण: हरिणा| हरिभ्याम्। हरिभिः।

टिप्पणिः It should be noted that predecessors of  the आचार्य had used some technical terms as well as some अनुबन्ध; and further that some of these terms (such as आङ् here) have been adopted by the आचार्य only occasionally although some others such as धातु have been adopted throughout the अष्टाध्यायी.

172 घेर्ङिति                                                                             7.3.111

अनुवृत्तिः  गुणः, अङ्गस्य, सुपि

अर्थः घ्यन्तस्याङ्गस्य गुणो भवति ङिति सुपि प्रत्यये परतः।

गुण replaces the final of an अङ्ग which ends in घि, provided a सुप् affix marked with a ङ् follows.

उदाहरण: हरये।

टिप्पणि: हरि (ङे) -> हरि (ए) -> हरे (ए) -> हरय् (ए) -> हरये 

173 ङसि-ङसोश्च                                                                      6.1.110

अनुवृत्तिः  एङः अति, पूर्वः, एकः पूर्वपरयोः, संहितायाम्

अर्थः  एङ उत्तरयोर्ङसिङसयोः अति परतः पूर्वपरयोः स्थाने पूर्वरूपमेकादेशो भवति।

When the short अ of  ङसि and ङस्, comes after  एङ्, let the form of the prior be the single substitute for both.

उदाहरणः हरि (ङसि) -> हरे (अस्) -> हरेः | हर्योः। हरीणाम्।

174 अच्च घेः                                                                          7.3.119

अनुवृत्तिः  इदुद्भ्याम्, ङेः, औत्, अङ्गस्य

अर्थः इदुद्भ्यामुत्तरस्य ङेरौकारादेशो भवति घिसंज्ञकस्य अकारादेशश्च भवति।

Let औत् be the substitute of ङि (the case affix of the सप्तमी विभक्ति), when it follows इ or उ, and let अ be the substitute of the घि itself.

उदाहरणः  हरौ। हर्योः। हरिषु।

Note: This rule which is given in our text as one of three closely related rules (7.3.117 thru 7.3.119) is also considered by many authors to be just one rule इदुद्भ्याम् औदच्च घेः. The प्रथमावृत्ति text of  पं जिज्ञासु gives it as two rules इदुद्भ्याम् and औदच्च घेः.

In the same way are declined कवि and the like.

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